Variometer for Paraglider Pilots
A variometer is a device used by paraglider pilots at competitions. It informs the pilot of the rate of descent or climb. A variometer records data such as speed, altitude, and climb rate, and can send this data over Bluetooth or USB to a smartphone, a tablet, or an e-reader.
One of the leading Swiss companies that produce products for paraglider pilots turned to Integra Sources to enhance their existing variometer.
We provided PCB design and ported the existing firmware from Arduino to the new hardware. The project is based on STM32F4 microcontroller. It runs on RTOS (Real Time Operating System) and uses the FatFS filesystem module to store data on the SD Card. We enhanced the algorithm for calculating the final results, taking into consideration the new hardware and the device’s physical characteristics.
Scope of work
- Schematics design
- PCB design
- Generation files for the manufacturer
- Hardware testing
- Firmware development
- STM32F4 series MCU with Cortex-M4 core was used in this project.
- FreeRTOS was used for firmware development.
- The firmware was implemented using C/C++.
- Eclipse IDE with GCC and OpenOCD was used for firmware implementation.
- SD-Card was used to store tracking data.
- EAGLE CAD IDE was used for Schematics and PCB design.
- For precision positioning, GPS, accelerometer, and gyroscope were used.
The result of our work is a new version of the variometer. A paraglider pilot uses it during flights to ascertain that the correct flight level is being maintained. The variometer indicates the climb/sink rate using beeping tones without any time lag. It has a set of sensors including accelerometer, gyroscope, temperature, GPS, and barometer. It informs the pilot about altitude changes, tracks their position via GPS and stores detailed data about the flight on an SD card.
When the flight is over, the pilot can transfer the data using Bluetooth to their smartphone, tablet, or laptop. They can also analyze these data using special software. The data format we used for saving flight data is compatible with data formats used by software applications.
The variometer has a built-in solar cell but the battery can also be charged over the micro USB cable. It will run for 20 hours with a fully charged battery.
Pilots can also use the variometer as an IGC (International Gliding Commission) logger.
Average refresh rate
You might also like...
Customizable GPS Tracking Platform for Monitoring Assets
The GPS tracker records the location and condition of assets and transfers this information to the server via Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, or GSM at defined time intervals
Drone Autopilot is a hardware unit based on the Atmel AVR XMEGA microcontroller. It enables remote control of the drone and autonomous completion of flights